São Paulo is the richest and most populous state in Brazil and its capital city, bearing the same name, is the largest city in all of South America. As such, São Paulo is one of the country’s and, indeed, the continent’s most significant areas. In fact, it contributes over a third of Brazil’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product). Has a total area of 248 209.4 square kilometres, which is equivalent to 95 834 square miles. With 43,663,669 inhabitants in 2013 São Paulo is the most populous state in Brazil and the third most populous political unit of South America, only surpassed by that country and Colombia, ahead of all other South American countries. São Paulo’s capital city is ranked seventh among the largest cities on the planet and its metropolitan area, with 19,223,897 inhabitants, is also the 7th biggest in the world.
The capital, São Paulo City, barely outside the tropics in the south of the state and about 780 m (2,559 ft) above sea level, has daily minima and maxima averaging about 18 °C (64 °F) and 28 °C (82 °F) respectively at the warmest time of year and about 11 °C (52 °F) and 21 °C (70 °F) respectively at the coolest time of year. Temperatures reach around 33 °C (91 °F) on the hottest days and fall as low as 6 °C (43 °F) on the coldest nights. In the low-lying northwest of the state, temperatures average around 4 °C (39 °F) higher.
São Paulo state is a cosmopolitan region, due to its history as a land influenced by the encounter of different traditions, beginning with the Tupi-Guarani native American nation and others, the intrusion of Iberian and other European elements and the traffic of enslaved Africans. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, European, Asian, and Middle-Eastern immigrants also made their way there. Earlier, the land had been the starting point of the bandeirantes expeditions, which sought to enslave the Natives of the hinterlands and explore their mineral wealth
1 Sao Paulo – Population 11.253.503
2 Guarulhos – Population 1.221.979
3 Campinas – Population 1.080.113
Every day nearly 100,000 people pass through São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport which connects Brazil to 28 countries. There are 370 companies established there, generating 53,000 jobs. The airport’s two terminals are designed to handle 16 million passengers a year, but the airport currently handles 27 million users.
Congonhas-São Paulo Airport or just Congonhas Airport is one of São Paulo’s three commercial airports, situated 8 kilometres (5 miles) from the city downtown at Washington Luís Avenue, in the Campo Belo district. In 2007, it was the busiest airport in Brazil in terms of aircraft movements and the second busiest in terms of passengers, handling 205,130 aircraft movements and 15,244,401 passengers.