Santa Catarina is in the south of Brazil, and measures a fraction over 95 346 square kilometres or 36 813 square miles. Its population exceeds 6 million people, and its capital city is Florianópolis, the destination of many of the foreign tourists that visit Brazil. Geographically, the state of Santa Catarina is divided into a narrow coastal plain on the east and a large plateau on the west. It is divided by the Serra Geral, a part of the Serra do Mar, which stretches from the north to the south. Its coastline is made up of a number of features, including bays, lagoons and gorgeous beaches. These beaches remain some of the state’s most popular tourist attractions. The entire area is hot and humid, and is home to the exquisite Araucaria moist forests, nestled within the very heart of Santa Catarina.
Santa Catarina experiences a warm humid subtropical climate, falling just short of a true tropical climate. The seasons of the year are distinct, with a well-defined summer and winter, and characteristic weather for autumnand spring. Frost is infrequent, but occurs occasionally in the winter. Due to the proximity of the sea, the relativehumidity of the atmosphere is 80% on average.
The maximum temperatures of the hottest month varies from 25 °C (77 °F) to 40 °C (104 °F) and the minimum temperatures are from 6 °C (43 °F) to 11 °C (52 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded was −2 °C (28 °F), in 1975.
German people started arriving in 1828 These Were peasants Attracted by the opportunity to have Their Own land, because the Germanic countries Were overpopulated and many people had to work the land. German immigration was very low until the 1850s, These Were ethnically Germanic areas where people from many parts of Germany settled. Initially, These Were colonies in rural areas, where immigrants Were able to cultivate Their Own farms. . Italian settlers started arriving in Santa Catarina in 1875 and immigrated in large numbers until the 1910s. They Were peasants fromNorthern Italy and established Themselves in ethnically Italian colonies close to the coast. In the beginning, Italian settlements failed, because many Italians died of tropical diseases or left the colonies to find better conditions. However, in the Vale do Tubarão region (southern Santa Catarina),
1 Joinville – Population 519.905
2 Florianopolis – Population 470.298
3 Blumenau – Population 312.634
Florianópolis is served by Hercílio Luz International Airport for Both domestic and international flights. The traffic has grown Significantly Therefore at the airport and the city will shortly build a new airport able to serve 2.7 million passengers a year. The architectural design of the new airport was chosen by a public