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Rio Grande do Norte state

Geography

about_rio_grande_do_norte_01Rio Grande do Norte is a Brazilian state with a total area of 52 796.79 square kilometres (or 20 385 square miles). It has a population of more than 3 million people. Rio Grande do Norte is dominated by its coastline. The state is famed for its beaches and sand dunes, and the air is, according to NASA, the second-cleanest in the world after Antarctica. The rainforest which once covered most of Brazil’s coast had its northern end in the south of Rio Grande do Norte; the area north of Natal, the capital, is under dunes , some years can go by with no or very little rain .

Climate

about_rio_grande_do_norte_02Two climates predominate: humid tropical, in the oriental littoral, and semi-arid, in the remaining (most part) of the State (including the North coast).

Natal has a typical tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate, with warm to hot temperatures and high relative humidity all throughout the year. However, these conditions are relieved by a near absence of extreme temperatures and pleasant trade winds blowing from the ocean. January is the warmest month, with mean maxima of 31 °C (88 °F) and minima of 24 °C (75 °F), while July is the coolest with mean maxima of 27 °C (80.6 °F) and minima of 22 °C (72 °F). Rainfall is heavy at around 1,550 millimetres (61 in) per year, but there is a dry season between about September and January that is more distinct than further south on the Atlantic coast. Nonetheless, the weather is not so dry as to preclude the growth of tropical rainforest and, since colonisation by Portugal, sugar cane.

Known as the “City of the Sun” and also as “The City of the Dunes.” Natal is located in the northeastern tip of Brazil.

Culture

about_rio_grande_do_norte_03Festa Junina was introduced to Northeastern Brazil by the Portuguese for whom St John’s day (also celebrated as Midsummer Day in several European countries), on 24 June, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. Differently, of course, from what happens on the European Midsummer Day, the festivities in Brazil do not take place during the summer solstice but during the tropical winter solstice. The festivities traditionally begin after the 12 June, on the eve of St Anthony’s day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter’s day. During these fifteen days, there are bonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in the streets.

Largest Cities

1   Natal – Population  810 .780

2   Mossoro – Population   263 .344

3   Parnamirim – Population  208.425

International Airport

Located virtually at sea level (169 ft), with favorable weather and geographic conditions, Augusto Severo International Airport in Parnamirim is 18 kilometers from Natal (RN). It takes its name from Augusto Severo de Albuquerque Maranhão, a native son of that state who died in an accident in France in 1902. The airport has a total area of 11.3 thousand square meters and capacity for 1.2 million passengers a year. of the world. The airport is the only one in the Northeast Region to receive charter flights fromScandinavia

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