The coastline extends 635 kilometers and is formed by the bays of Guanabara, Sepetiba, and Ilha Grande. There are prominentslopes near the ocean, featuring also diverse environments, such as restinga vegetation, bays, lagoons and tropical forests. Rio, as the formal state of Rio de Janeiro is more commonly known, is one of the world’s most popular and loved destinations. Its vibrancy and culture permeates every aspect of this Brazilian hotspot. Its capital city is São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, which is the second largest city in the entire country of Brazil and the sixth largest in both North and South America. It is also bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. This state has a total area of 43 653 square kilometres.
Rio de Janeiro has a tropical and temperate climate which means that the city enjoys sunny skies and hot weather all the year round, though there are some slight variations in the seasonal climate in Rio de Janeiro but nothing to spoil a holiday to the sun too much.
The temperatures stay around 25 degrees Celsius as an average low and 30 degrees Celsius as an average high. There are some rainy periods for the city but these are generally easy to predict and avoid.
The occasion of the last five days leading up to Lent is annually cause for a great explosion of joy in Rio – a round-the-clock party uniting emotions, creativity, plasticity, colours, sounds and much fantasy. It is the greatest popular party in the world, a unique record of the rich cultural melting pot typical of Brazil. In Rio, each of which has composed a new “enredo de samba” (samba script) for the year that is released and popularized by the time Carnaval arrives, thus already recognizable for its lyrics, themes, and rhythms by the energized audience in the bleachers thronging to see the all-night competition of one samba school after another until dawn. This event began in the 1930s as a diversion for what politicians sought to assuage as an otherwise restive populace. It came to be held on the bleacher-lined Marques du Sapucai for decades until a covered Sambodromo was built in the 1980s..
1 Rio de Janeiro – Population 6.355.949
2 Sao Goncalo – Population 1.008.064
3 Duque de Caxias – Population 861.157
Since August 2004, with the transfer of many flights from Santos Dumont Airport, to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport, Rio de Janeiro has returned to being the main doorway to Brazil. . Besides linking Rio to the rest of Brazil with domestic flights, Galeão has connections to 18 other countries. It can handle up to 15 million passengers a year in two passenger terminals. Located 20 kilometers from downtown Rio, the international airport is served by several quick access routes