As one of Brazil’s southern states, Paraná is bordered by São Paulo, the Atlantic Ocean, Santa Catarina, Argentina, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay and the Paraná River. It is the ninth largest state in terms of the area it covers, which totals at 199 314.9 square kilometres or 76 955.9 square miles. Significantly, Paraná is home to the araucaria forest, which is one of the world’s most valuable subtropical forests. In addition, it is the home of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the National Park of Iguaçu. Its capital city is Curitiba, renowned for its excellent quality of life and its undeniable vibe. The entire state has a population of well over 10 million people. The largest rivers in the state comprise the Paranapanema and its tributaries the Cinza and Tibaji, the Ivaí, Piquiri, Jejuy-guassu, and the Iguaçu with its principal tributary the Rio Negro.
Parana has a maritime temperate climate or subtropical highland climate Located in Southern Brazil, the humid city lies in a temperate zone. It is located on a plateau and the flat terrain with flooded areas contribute to its mild and damp winter, with an average minimum temperature of 7 °C (45 °F) in the coldest month, occasionally falling below 0 °C (32 °F) on the coldest nights. During summertime, the average temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) at daytime, but it can get above 30 °C (86 °F) on the hottest days.
It was only in 1843 that the territory of Paraná was established as a separate entity. Soon thereafter, other immigrants arrived from Europe, developing this state significantly. The main nationalities that arrived in the area comprised of Germans, Italians and Ukrainians. There remain high proportions of these nationalities within the population of Paraná, although it is a diverse and complex population.
1 Curitiba – Population 1.764.540
2 Londrina – Population 511.278
3 Maringa – Population 362.329
Afonso Pena International Airport is Curitiba’s main airport. It is located in the nearby city of São José dos Pinhais and all commercial flights operate from this airport.
Foz do Iguaçu International Airport. Brazil’s main airlines serve the city daily, connecting it with the rest of the country and foreign cities. Regional routes also serve local traffic.