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Paraíba state


about_paraiba_02Paraíba is a coastal state, one of the most densely populated in Brazil, South America. Named after the river of the same name, Paraíba is a popular tourist destination as well as an important epicentre for industry. It is acclaimed for its beautiful beaches, pleasant climate and cultural and geographical diversity. Paraíba occupies a total area of 56 584.6 square kilometres or 21 847.4 square miles and is home to approximately 3.9 million people. João Pessoa is its capital city and the home of many of its most popular attractions and activities.

In addition to the sugarcane that is so amply available in Paraíba, it was discovered as late as in 1989 that the area is also particularly rich in tourmaline crystals, which display a gorgeous neon turquoise hue in this particular area.


about_paraiba_01Paraiba has an intertropical climate with very warm temperatures all year long. The excessive heat and humidity makes it uncomfortable for external work. Most shops and places have air conditioners as indoors temperatures tend to sit between 27°C and 29°C. Paraiba Joao Pessoa does not have well defined seasons. The only significant difference between summer and “winter” is the amount of rainfall with no significant change in temperatures as shown in the graph. The “winter” begins in March and ends in August with July usually being the wettest month.


about_paraiba_03Some of the most notable Brazilian writers and poets are from Paraíba like Augusto dos Anjos, José Américo de Almeida, José Lins do Rego and Pedro Américo, the last being also known for his historical paintings.  Once exclusively a rural festival, today in Brazil, it is largely a city festival during which people joyfully and theatrically mimic peasant stereotypes and clichés in a spirit of jokes and good times. Typical refreshments and dishes are served. It should be noted that, like during Carnival, these festivities involve costume-wearing (in this case, peasant costumes), dancing, heavy drinking, and visual spectacles (fireworks display and folk dancing), such as what happens on Midsummer and St John’s Day in Europe,and bonfires are a central part of these festivities in Brazil.

Largest Cities

1   Joao Pessoa – Population  733 .154

2   Campina Grande – Population   387.463

3   Santa Rita – Population  121.166

International Airport

Located in the municipality of Bayeux, eight kilometers from downtown João Pessoa, Presidente Castro Pinto International Airport is currently undergoing expansion and remodeling work, which will raise the terminal’s annual capacity to 860 thousand passengers. The airport is well located in relation to obstacles because it covers an area roughly 65 meters above sea level and is sufficiently distant from urban areas or large real estate developments.

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