Bahia is situated on the coast, with the turquoise Atlantic Ocean lapping at its shores. This state is in the northeast of Brazil, South America. Bahia is the fourth most populous Brazilian state. Its capital city is Sao Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos, commonly shortened to Salvador. It is bordered by Sergipe, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Piauí, Goiás, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo. The name, Bahia, means “bay” and refers to the sight of the bay that the first European explorers stumbled across in 1501. The state’s geographical regions comprise the Atlantic Forest; the Recôncavo region radiating from the Bay (the largest in Brazil), the site of sugar and tobacco cultivation; and the Planalto, which includes the fabled sertão region of Bahia’s far interior. The State of Bahia is crossed from north to south by a mountain chain which is marked, in the map, as Chapada Diamantina here are short stretches of the river which are navigable, but mainly for cargoes. The large blue spot at the north is a huge dam built to hold water for the hydroelectric plant of Itaparica.
Tropical. In addition to its considerable size, it has the longest coastline of the country: 1,103 km long (685 miles; north coast: 143; Todos os Santos Bay: 124; and southern: 418). With 68% of its territory located in the semi-arid zone, the State presents diversified climates and an average rainfall that varies from 363 to 2,000 mm (14.3 to 78.7 in) per year, depending on the region.
As the chief locus of the early Brazilian slave trade, Bahia is considered to possess the greatest and most distinctive African imprint, in terms of culture and customs, in Brazil. These include the Yoruba-derived religious system of Candomblé, the martial art of capoeira, African-derived music such as samba (especially samba’s Bahian precursor samba-de-roda), afoxé, and axé, and a cuisine with strong links to western Africa.
Like river rapids, from which no one wants to escape, the ‘Trio-Elétricos’ sweep up whoever is in Salvador during Carnival. The ‘Trio-Elétricos’, floats with amplifiers used as moving stages, pass through three official circuits. Behind them, more than 2 million merrymakers dance along 25 km (16 mi) of streets and avenues. Osmar’s float goes from Campo Grande to Castro Alves square, in the town centre; Dodô’s float, goes from Farol da Barra to Ondina, along the coast; and Batatinha’s float goes across the Pelourinho.
1 Salvador – Population 2.693.605
2 Feira de Santana – Population 562.466
3 Vitoria da Conquista – Population 310.129
Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport is located in an area of more than 6 million square meters (1,500 acres) between sand dunes and native vegetation. The road route to the airport has already become one of the city’s main scenic attractions. It lies 20 km (12 mi) north of downtown Salvador. Nearly 35,000 people circulate daily through the passenger terminal.